This article analysis is done for the article with the title of Democrratiation, political institutions and ethnic conflict. This article analysis example can be used by students in order to shape their minds about how to make an article analysis.
Article Analysis Background Information
The article revolves around the research questions of is there an intersection between ethnic tensions and democratization if the communal tensions are annoyed by political competition? Are the results of the ethnic differences caused by differences between polical institutions? Do the parliamentary democracies or the presidental systems lean to the side of ethnic complict? Is the electoral system an affecting factor? And lastly are more problems caused by federalism than the problems solved by federalism.
Research Questions of The Article
As the researchers set these research questions, there is a background for every question that motivates them to work on these questions. The researchers motivate themselves in order to underline the difference between violent and nonviolent ways of opposing. They think that the institutions should be aware of the differences between the terms “protest” and “rebellion” while affecting them.
The researches explain their independent variables in three different categories which are; measures of regime type and duration, indicators of political institutions, and control variables. The dependent variables that are included in these categories are; democracy, autocracy, two dummy variables as first election and regime type, federalism, gross national product per capita, change in gross domestic product. In addition they have lagged dependent variables. The units of observation are the relevant ethnic groups in a country for a special year.
Hypotheses of The Article Analysis
The above research questions are answered by ethnic conflict or, in other words, ethnic security dilemma which is the theoretical framework of the article. By using this theory, they aim to explain the research questions in a way to see the effect of democratization on political institutions and ethnic mess. Also, they use pooled time-series analyses to cover all the ethnic groups.
Lastly, the article has several hypotheses. The first one is that in the democracies the likeliness of ethnic protests and rebellion are more likely compared to authoritarian regimes. Secondly, the likeliness of ethnic protests and rebellion increases for young institutions. Thirdly, several ethnic quarrels become less likely in young democracies. Fourth one is; the likelihood of ethnic protests increases if a country is having an election within the current political system. Fifth hypothesis stays that the presidential systems are more likely to have ethnic conflicts compared to parliamentary systems.
The sixth one is; the systems that have the characteristic of plurality are more likely to face ethnic conflicts compared to the ones with PR. The seventh hypothesis says in two parts that the likeliness of ethnic protest is greater that ethnic rebellion in federalism. The hypotheses have a logical connection with the theoretical framework explained above, as ethnic conflict is used in all of them. The variables are conceptualized by using cross-sectional analysis by identifying two indicators such as protest and rebellion.
To conclude with my own opinion, I think the article should have been specialized on only one hypothesis and searched about it in a deeper way instead of dealing with eight different hypotheses. That is the only weakness of the article.